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北京高考英语写作考前点拨——核心词句

北京高考英语写作考前点拨——核心词句

作者:一对一高中英语 杨舟 来源:北京新东方优能1对1 发布时间:2019-05-28

  北京高考英语中,应用文写作占比15分,情景作文写作占比20分,重要性不言而喻,但是在学生平时的英语学习中,写作并未引起足够的重视,很多学生甚至存在除了考试从不写英语作文的情况,缺少素材和准确度的文章,在考场不会创造奇迹。那么随着高考的临近,这两篇写作是否还可能完成短时间,高效率的"逆袭"?很高兴能在高考前这个紧要关头,有机会和各位考生分享写作考试背后的"秘密",让我们用努力替代焦虑,不可能或许也可以变为可能。

  第一:应用文写作方面,北京考察的重点范围比较明确,大致为:申请信;邀请信;通知;介绍信;道歉信;求助信;感谢信;建议信;倡议信;致辞等。我们首先要做到仔细审题,确定文章的写作目的,重点是格式规范,交际得体。掌握了每种目的的文章的核心词句,是短时间高效取胜的关键。

  1.申请信:

  (1) 得知您们正在为…招募一些志愿者我很开心,所以我写信申请此职位。

  I'm pleased to hear that you are recruiting(searching for)some

  volunteers for…, so I'm writing to apply for this position.

  (2) 自我介绍+申请的原因

  我认为我能胜任当一名志愿者。我流利的英语使我很容易…。除此之外,我对…很熟悉。

  I think I'm qualified for being one of the volunteers. My fluent English will make it easy for me to do sth. In addition, I am well acquainted with(对…很熟悉) sth.

  (3) 如果您给我一次面试机会我会十分感激。期待您方便的时候给我回信。

  I will be more than grateful if you offer me a precious opportunity to an interview. I am looking forward to your reply at your earliest convenience.

  2. 邀请信:

  (1)我想知道您是否有时间参加学生会组织的"读书会"活动。

  I'm wondering if you are available to participate in "Reading Circle" activity held by Student Union.

  (2) 这次行程(活动等等)被安排在本周六早8点到晚5点。

  The trip is scheduled to last from 8 am to 5 pm on this Saturday.

  (3)我很肯定这次行程(活动等等)将会是最令人愉悦的一次经历,你(您/你们)的到来将会使我们分外高兴。所以你(您/你们)能和我们一起来吗?期待你(您/你们)的回复!

  I'm sure that this trip will turn out to be a most pleasant journey. And your coming will absolutely light up our day. So would you be so kind to come along with us?

  3. 通知:

  (1) 请大家注意一下好吗?我要宣布一则通知。

  May I have your attention, please? I have an announcement to make.

  (2) 为了迎接来自美国的朋友们,学生会将于本周六晚上举办一个晚会。

  With the intention of(为了) welcoming our friends from United States, a party will be launched by the Student Union on Saturday evening.

  (3) 晚会十分精彩。期待大家的来临。

  There is nothing more but fun. Everybody is expected to come.

  4. 介绍信:(常与介绍信、建议信结合考察,下为例):

  (1) 很高兴得知你要向全班同学介绍中国文化。因此,我要给你一些建议。

  I am glad to know that you are going to introduce Chinese culture to your class. Therefore, I have some advice for you.

  (2) 为了让你的同学们更好地了解中国文化,我建议你介绍春节期间的北京庙会。

  To allow your classmates to get closer to(可以替换have a better understanding of) traditional Chinese culture, I suggest you introduce temple fairs in Beijing during the Spring Festival.

  (3) 吸引人们眼球的不只有传统表演,还有勾起人们食欲的传统美味小吃。

  There are not only traditional shows that catch people's eyes, but also delicious snacks which arouse people's appetite.

  5. 道歉信:

  (1) 我对于没有及时回复你的信件感到十分抱歉。

  I feel terribly sorry for missing the chance of answering your letter in time.

  (2) 上周我忙于准备期末考试没有时间上网。

  Last week, I was so occupied in(忙于做某事) preparing for the final examination that I even didn't have time to surf the Internet.

  (3) 我对于没有给你尽快回信再次诚挚地道歉。

  I sincerely apologize again for not answering your letter soon.

  6. 求助信:

  (1) 近日,我在英国的学习和生活都遇到一些问题。

  Nowadays, I have come across some barriers both in my study and my life here in England.

  (2) 我写信是为了寻求解决办法。

  I'm writing to consult for some proposals.

  (3)如下就是我的问题。首先…;其次…;最后…

  Here are my problems. To begin with;Afterwards;Eventually

  (4)您可以在您方便的任何时间联系我。祝好!

  You can get in touch with me whenever you're free. Wish you a good day!

  7. 感谢信:

  (1)您最近好吗?我写下这寥寥几行是为了表达我对您发自内心的感激之情。

  How are you doing? I am writing these few lines to express my heartfelt gratitude to you.

  (2)我希望我能有机会报答您。

  I wish to have great access to repay you.

  (3) 再一次感谢您为我做的一切。希望您一切顺利!

  Thanks again for what you have done for me. May you be blessed in everything you do.

  8. 建议信:

  (1) 听说你不适应新学校我很难过。

  I am sorry to hear that you are having trouble fitting in your new school.

  (2) 事实上,遇见这种问题很正常。

  As a matter of fact, such problems are quite normal.

  (3) 我希望如下建议对你有所帮助。

  I hope the following suggestions may be helpful.

  (4) 我真地希望我的建议对你有所帮助。如果还有什么我可以帮到你的,请让我知道。

  I sincerely hope my advice will be of some help to you. If there is anything more I can do to help, please let me know.

  9. 倡议信:

  (1)近日,我们学校周围出现一种普遍现象,堵车越来越严重。

  It is a common phenomenon that the problem of traffic jam around our school is increasingly serious.

  (2)事实上,我们可以选择一种健康环保的出行方式,那就是骑自行车。

  Actually, we can choose a healthy and environmental-friendly way of traveling, that is, bicycle riding.

  (3)骑车对你的健康有益。因为如果你选择骑车上学而不是开车或坐车上学,你就可以有更好的机会去得到你每天需要的足够的锻炼。

  Cycling does good to your health, because if you go to school by riding a bicycle instead of driving or taking a car, you can have a better chance of getting enough exercise you need every day.

  (4)到了我们通过骑车来保护环境的时候了!

  It is high time (到了该做…的时候了)that we start protect our environment by riding bicycles.

  10.(欢迎)致辞:

  (1) 大家的到来让我们十分高兴。

  We are very excited to have you here.

  (2) 我谨代表我们学校向大家致以诚挚的欢迎。

  On behalf of my school, I extend our most sincere welcome to you.

  (3)以下是今天的活动安排,我希望大家过的开心并不虚此行。

  Here is today's arrangement, which, I hope, would make your day both delightful and rewarding.

  (4) 我再一次希望大家过的开心!非常感谢!

  Once again, I hope that you will enjoy your day! Thank you very much!

  第二:情景作文写作方面,北京考察的题目特点是比较平稳,创新题目比较少见,主题更集中在用英文介绍中国或用英文更好地了解外国,具体来讲"传统文化"和"家国情怀"是考察的重点方向,除此之外,家庭话题相关主题作文也要适当关注。这对于广大考生而言是一个利好,但是想在考场有限的时间内完成高质量的文章,离不开平时的点滴累积。但是在时间不允许的情况下,就让杨舟老师来给大家归纳总结并分享一下情景作文考前要掌握的内容。大致来讲,我们除了需要注意卷面书写,语法规范,要点齐全这些基本要求外,可以加大三个部分的备考精力。

  (1) 开头部分:简单句不可取,过于复杂不好记,给大家推荐一个比较稳妥的句型:Last week, an activity themed " XXX" was organized, which turned out to be a memorable experience.

  (2) 主体部分:提炼考察频率高的场景图片(通常为第一幅图和最后一幅图)重点部分进行复习掌握。

  a. 讨论问题:

  同学们提出了一些建议(选择),包括…。交换了不同意见,我们最终达成一致,决定去…。

  We came up with several opinions ( choices ), including… Having exchanged different ideas, we finally reached an agreement to do sth.

  b. 看到通知 :

  周一早上,当我走进校门,公告栏上一则主题为"×××"的通知引起我的注意。

  On Monday morning, when I entered the school gate, a notice themed "×××" on the bulletin board caught my eye (drew my attention).

  c. 合影留念 :

  最后,我们和老人合影留念。每个人的脸上都洋溢着灿烂的笑容。

  Finally, we took pictures with the old craftsman. A broad smile spread across everyone's face.

  d. 竖拇指表扬 :

  当爸爸回到家,得知了我…,他露出灿烂的笑容,向我竖起大拇指。在那一刻,我的满足感和自豪感已经超越了所有语言。

  When Dad came back from the business trip, hearing it was I who had done ×××, he, with a broad smile, gave me a thumb-up. At that moment, my feeling of content and pride was beyond expression.

  e. 发朋友圈 :

  我在朋友圈分享了一些照片,配上了文字"×××",很快就得到了60个赞。

  I shared some pictures on Wechat Moments with the words "×××". Immediately, I got 60 likes.

  (3) 结尾部分:提炼考察频率高的主旨重点部分进行复习掌握。

  a. 保护环境:

  (1) 尽管我们只是学生,但是我们也可以为美化环境做出自己的努力。

  Students as we are, still we can make our own effort in beautifying our environment.

  (2) 正如习主席所说:"绿水青山就是金山银山。"

  As Chair Xi announced, "Lucid waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets."

  (3) 如果每个人都可以提升对于环境保护的意识,我们的地球会变得越来越美。

  If everyone can raise our awareness to environmental protection, the earth will become increasingly beautiful.

  b. 学习并传承传统文化:

  我对我们的传统文化感到自豪。我们也应该承担起保护并传承传统文化的责任。

  I swelled with pride of our traditional culture. And we are supposed to take the responsibility to preserve it and pass it down.

  c. 传播传统文化:

  我很自豪我向世界其他地方的人传播了我们的文化,并完成了一名作为文化大使的任务。

  I swelled with pride to fulfill the role as a cultural ambassador and spread our own culture to people all over the world.

  d. 家国情怀:

  我对我们伟大祖国取得的成就而自豪,并且我们应该努力奋斗去创造祖国更美好的未来。

  I swelled with pride of the achievements accomplished by our great motherland, and we are supposed to work harder to fight for a brighter future for our country.

  e. 感恩:

  我们都为拥有如此负责任的教职员工而深深感动。回想高中这三年,教职员工为我们的成长付出很多,我们应该更加努力去回报他们的恩情。

  We were all deeply moved and proud of having such responsible teachers and staff. Looking back the past three years spent in high school, they devoted themselves for our growth. We are supposed to work harder to return their devotion and kindness.

  f. 孝顺:

  当我小时候,爷爷奶奶(爸爸妈妈)为我的成长付出很多。现在我终于有机会回报他们了,一种幸福感萦绕在我的心里。

  When I was a child, my grandparents ( parents ) devoted themselves for my growth. Now I finally have an opportunity to return what they did for me. A sense of happiness filled every corner of my heart.

  g. 较为万能的结尾:

  这次经历给我们留下了很深刻的印象。我们希望我们可以拥有更多类似活动。

  This experience left us a deep impression. We hope we can have more activities of this kind.

  以上内容如果仔细阅读,相信可以帮助北京考生对高考英语两篇作文有直观,清晰和新的认识,最后的备考时间我们充分利用,还是可以比较从容地应对英语考试难点--作文。最后祝福北京高考学子们沉着冷静心不慌,有备而来底气足。金榜题名,实现梦想!

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