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看英文外刊学托福(第一期)——《经济学人》中的托福智慧锦囊

作者:刘瑞鑫 来源:北京新东方学校 发布时间:2018-09-25

每当提到机智、幽默、有力度、严肃又不失诙谐的英文外刊,大家一定能想到《经济学人》。在读这类英文外刊的过程中总会时不时发现那些让人眼前一亮的地道表达、以独特视角进行的透彻分析、极有说服力的事实论据,这些素材对托福的语言学习大有裨益。之后会定期为大家呈现一系列和托福考题相关的英文外刊赏析,让我们一起把学习变成一种习惯,开启美好的学习之旅吧。

Develop a passion for learning. If you do, you will never cease to grow.

赏析内容

文章来源:《经济学人》2018年8月30日期刊Asia板块

Can do even better

The world's best education system tries to improve itself

Aug 30th 2018

原文:

Singaporean education is going through "a silent revolution". Teaching methods in Singapore are changing. All teachers get 100 hours of training a year. They learn new pedagogical (教学法的) techniques, which encourage group work and discussion between teacher and pupils. As Yan Song, a pupil at Deyi Secondary School who moved from China mid-way through his education, puts it, in Singapore they focus "on how you behave as a human being." In China, in contrast, " you just study from day to night."

参考译文:新加坡教育目前正在经历一场悄无声息的变革,教学方法开始发生改变。所有新加坡的老师每年都需要参加100小时的培训,他们会学习一些新的教学技巧:鼓励团队合作和师生互动。一个从中国学校中途转到新加坡德艺中学的学生坦言,新加坡的教育重视人格培养,然而,中国的教育只让学生从白天到黑夜的死学。

原文:

The final change has been to align the classroom with the workplace. By 2023 almost all schools will have "applied leaning" programs in subjects like computing, robotics and electronics, but also drama and sports. The emphasis in all of them is on practising in "real-world" environments; there are no exams. At Deyi Secondary School, broadcast journalism is used as a way to improve communication skills, for instance. The ministry of education has also hired 100 career-guidance officials. They keep tabs on labour shortages and work with schools to inform children about their options, often trying to push them beyond "iron rice bowl" careers like banking, the civil service and medicine.

参考译文:教育变革基于工作市场的需求。到2023年,几乎所有学校都将开设应用学习类课程,比如计算机、机器人学和电子学,也会有戏剧和体育课程。所有科目重点旨在培养学生在实际生活中的实践能力,不设置任何考试。例如:在新加坡的德艺中学,广播新闻被当做提升沟通能力的一个方式。教育部已经雇佣了100名就业指导专家。他们密切关注劳动力市场缺口,联合学校将这些职位空缺通知给学生,让他们不要只局限于选择像银行、公务员、医护这样的铁饭碗职业。

素材赏析

—好词—

pedagogical

词性:adj.

释义:教学法的

of, relating to, or befitting a teacher or education

来源:Merrian-Webster dictionary

例句

For these reasons, schools should review such policies, rules and practices, and should eliminate any that do not serve a clear pedagogical purpose.

释义:因此,学校应该审核下这些政策、规定和标准,删除掉那些没有清晰教学目标的条规。

摘自:Josh Magness, Kansascity, “Parent complained after teen was cut from cheer squad-now everyone makes the team| The Kansas City Star,” 9 May 2018

词组搭配

pedagogical methods 教学方法

—好短语(地道搭配)—

the ministry of education 教育部

career-guidance就业指导

encourage group work 鼓励小组合作

applied leaning 应用学习

keep tabs on 密切关注

1.释义

to carefully watch (someone or something) in order to learn what that person or thing is doing

2.例句

We are keeping tabs on their movements.

我们正在密切关注他们的动态。

The magazine keeps tabs on the latest fashion trends.

这本杂志紧跟最新潮流趋势。

来源:Merrian-Webster dictionary

labour shortages 劳动力短缺

iron rice bowl” careers  “铁饭碗”职业

—好句—

同位语

As Yan Song, a pupil at Deyi Secondary School who moved from China mid-way through his education, puts it, in Singapore they focus "on how you behave as a human being."

插入语

In China, in contrast, "you just study from day to night."

被动语态

At Deyi Secondary School, broadcast journalism is used as a way to improve communication skills, for instance.

—好素材(作文论据)—

大家欣赏完经济学人地道的语言搭配、多样化表达,我们可以一起看看今天选取的两个段落是否可以灵活运用在我们托福写作考试中作为素材积累呢?

教育类话题一直是托福写作的高频考题,这篇文章里提到的“ 到2023年,几乎所有学校都将开设应用学习类课程,比如计算机、机器人学和电子学,也会有戏剧和体育课程。” (详见下面??作文素材一)是不是恰好和我们的托福考题“学生应该学习三到四门课程好还是学习很多门课程更好呢?”相关性很大?目前新加坡教育重视学生的全面发展,鼓励学生多接触多样化的课程,同学们可以直接积累下当做作文中教育类话题的素材库哦~

作文素材一

The final change has been to align the classroom with the workplace. By 2023 almost all schools will have "applied leaning" programs in subjects like computing, robotics and electronics, but also drama and sports. The emphasis in all of them is on practising in "real-world" environments; there are no exams. At Deyi Secondary School, broadcast journalism is used as a way to improve communication skills, for instance.

托福写作相关题目:Some people say that students should study many lessons during a semester, but others say that it is better for students to just take three or four lessons. Which do you think is better? 2016年2月27日

另外,最近学生们可能经常会看到这样的托福考题:“老师到底用什么样的教学方式教授学生更好” 鼓励学生团队学习呢还是让学生独立完成任务?相信看完下面这段素材,心里早已经有了答案啦,教育改革让教学模式不再单一,更多鼓励学生能够融入集体,互相学习,共同进步,促进学生更全面的发展。

作文素材二

Teaching methods in Singapore are changing. All teachers get 100 hours of training a year. They learn new pedagogical (教学法的) techniques, which encourage group work and discussion between teacher and pupils.

托福写作相关题目:Many schools require young children (aged 5-11) to work together in a small group instead of working alone to learn many activities. Do you agree or disagree that it is the best way to teach children. 2016年10月16日

希望这期分享可以给学托福的小伙伴儿们带来帮助,我们一起学会体会语言的艺术和力量!


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时间管理 行为重塑和托福80分说再见

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