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    雅思口语陷阱:答非所问

    作者:  来源:搜狐教育  时间:2017-05-19

      雅思口语考试,作为雅思考试科目中为时最短的科目,使得很多考生在考场中都忐忑不安。很多考生都曾反映:口语考试的内容,特别是问答题部分,问题很多都很宽泛,反而不知道从何作答。也有考生抱怨:很多话题即使用中文都不会回答,实在是太抽象了。当然,考试后,也有考生表示:感觉话题很简单,自己都尽量说了,但是感觉有点乱。总结起来,在考试中,考生如发现自己无法进行一定具体度的表达或是不知道如何组织语言的情况,这时候考生们需要引起重视,谨防掉入雅思口语陷阱。本文将着重盘点雅思口语中的陷阱和它们的突围方法,帮助考生们认识了解雅思口语中的陷阱误区,提高口语考试备考效率。

      口语陷阱三:答非所问

      在平时的练习中,同学们在回答问题的时候一般都遵循直线思维,即对于问题能够快速具体地就一个论点进行大段论述。由于自己的具体论述,考生对自己的表现通常都是比较满意的,但是最终的口语成绩却并不是很如意。那是什么原因造成的呢?这个时候,我们就要考虑到考生的答案是不是按照考官的期望发展的,是否一不小心进入了我们要说的第三个陷阱:答非所问。

      如What occasions will people send flowers to others in your country?

      In China, people usually send flowers to others on Valentine's Day or Chinese Valentine's Day. In most cases, boys will send a bunch of rose to their girlfriends. Of course, in my family, my father usually will prepare flowers to my mother to give her a great surprise. It is a good way to enhance their relationship.

      虽然考生确实按照话题进行了回答,但回答的重点跑偏了。问题的重点是需要考生说出不同的送花情境,但是考生回答却单侧重于情人节送花这一场合,并没有对其它情境做出解释,典型的答非所问。

      陷阱三的另一个特点是不按照关键词回答,虽然内容有一定的具体度。

      What qualities should a big company have?

      A big company should focus on the research and development of new products. Once the new products are developed, the company can stand out in a specific industry. It also means that the staff of the company are quite hardworking. I suppose these are important qualities for a big company.

      虽然内容上有一定的具体度,也说明了大公司要努力的目标,但是问题的关键点是qualities,考生需要就这个词直接回答问题并且做出进一步的说明。但是我们看到上面的回答并没有让我们明显的了解大公司应该具有的品质。

      突围方法:列举法

      面对上述陷阱,考生要做到的是:从关键词出发,直接回答考官的问题。这里,建议大家使用列举法进行作答,把关键词相关点一一列举。

      如What occasions will people send flowers to others in your country?

      这个问题我们除了可以说Valentine's Day, 还可以说庆祝或是探望病人,然后在每个关键点上增加具体度即可。

      In China, people usually send flower to others on special festivals like Valentine's Day, Teachers' Day and Mother's day. Also, when the students successfully get their Master's or Bachelor's Degree, parents usually will send them flowers to congratulations to them. Nowadays, it is common for people to send flowers to friends or relative who are in hospital.

      同样,对于公司的品质,我们可以用一些如innovative,far-sighted, cooperative这样的词来直接回答问题。

      What qualities should a big company have?

      The important qualities for a big company are innovative and far-sighted. I mean the company is supposed to focus on the research and development of new products. Once the new products are developed, the company can stand out in as pecific industry. What's more, a big company should be quite cooperative. That is too say, the employees of the company should cooperate with each other well and thus improving working efficiency.

      总结:口语问答中需要考生保持清醒的头脑,按照关键词回答问题。答题方向和思路一定要在短时间内理清。

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